3 Phases of physical Fitness
The conditioning phase: 2-6 weeks
During this phase, we are “training the body to begin training”. By starting at a slower, more reasonable intensity of exercise, (based on the fitness level of the individual), people are better able to commit to a consistent fitness lifestyle. In addition, greater emphasis on balance, stability and correcting muscle imbalances are appropriate during this phase to avoid injury and/or aggravation of an old injury due to the new stresses placed on the body
The Improvement phase: 3-12 months
This is where the fun begins! Although the intensity of training is the highest during this phase, the benefits of exercise and nutrition are usually the most noticeable during the improvement stage. In order to see changes in your body you have never seen before, you must train or place a stimulus to the body it’s never had before. If you follow the same old routine or just go through the motions of an exercise program your body basically says, been there, done that” and no new adaptations will take place. IN short you will need to train smarter, harder and eat better than you have previously in order to see the type of results that so many people fail to reach.
The Maintenance Phase: A life-long process.
This is the phase where health and wellness is what you have become, not just something you’re doing. This lifestyle becomes second nature to you and you will naturally feel and see the benefits of healthy living. Very few are at this stage but it is a great place to be at when the principles of health are not just a list of things to do, but they become unbreakable habits. They become who you are. Begin now and your life will improve in ways you never thought possible.
5 Components of Fitness
Body Composition body composition is the amount of fat in the body compared to the amount of lean mass (muscle, bones etc.).
Muscle strength Muscular strength is the maximum amount of force a muscle or muscle group can exert against a heavy resistance.
Muscular endurance is the ability of a muscle group to repeat a movement many times or to hold a particular position for an extended period of time.
Cardiovascular fitness (also known as cardiorespiratory fitness) is the ability of the heart, lungs and vascular system to deliver oxygen-rich blood to working muscles during sustained physical activity.
Flexibility is ability to have free range of motion over a joint.